Fernando Casal Bértoa and Zsolt Enyedi (2021) Party System Closure: Party Alliances, Government Alternatives, and Democracy in Europe. Oxford: Oxford University Press (Awarded the 2022 AECPA Prize for Best Book and runner-up for the 2022 Stein Rokkan Prize) [Online Appendix] [Translated into Spanish]

Journal articles

Casal Bértoa, Fernando and Till Weber (2024) “Presidential Elections and European Party Systems (1848-2020)”, British Journal of Political Science, First View Online

Casal Bértoa, Fernando, Zsolt Enyedi and Martin Mölder (2023) “Party and Party System Institutionalization: Which Comes First?”, Perspectives on Politics,v. 22, n. 1, pp. 194-212

Mölder, Martin, Zsolt Enyedi and Fernando Casal Bértoa (2023) “Party System Closure and Liberal Democracy: A Double-edged Sword”, Italian Political Science Review, v. 53, n. 1, pp. 104-120

Casal Bértoa, Fernando (2023) “The Problem of Party System Change Revisited: the 2022 Peter Mair Lecture”, Irish Political Studies, v. 38, n. 4, pp. 438-466

Lee, Don S. and Fernando Casal Bértoa (2022) “On the Causes of Electoral Volatility in Asia since 1948”, Party Politics, v. 28, n. 6, pp. 1187-1199

Casal Bértoa, Fernando and José Rama (2022) “Paying for Appeasement: On the Moderating Role of Public Subsidies in East Central European Party Politics”, Party Politics, v. 28, n. 4, pp. 611-624

Enyedi, Zsolt and Fernando Casal Bértoa (2022) “The Future is Not What it Used to Be: The Failure of Bipolarization”, Irish Political Studies, v. 37, n. 2, pp.244-265

Casal Bértoa, Fernando and Zsolt Enyedi (2022) “Who Governs Europe? A New Historical Dataset on Governments and Party Systems since 1848”, European Political Science, v. 21, pp. 150-164

Casal Bértoa, Fernando and José Rama (2021) “Polarization: What Do We Know and What Can We Do About It?”, Frontiers in Political Science, 3:687695

Casal Bértoa, Fernando and José Rama (2021) “The Antiestablishment Challenge”, Journal of Democracy, v. 32, n. 1, pp. 37-51 [Translated into Portuguese] [Partially translated into Galician] [Translated into Spanish]

Casal Bértoa, Fernando and José Rama (2020) “Party Decline or Social Transformation? Economic, Institutional and Sociological Change and the Rise of Anti-Political-Establishment Parties in Western Europe”, European Political Science Review, v. 12, n. 4, pp. 503-523 [Partially translated into Spanish] (Awarded the Routledge Prize for the Best Paper Presented at the CES Annual Conference in Madrid, 20-22 June)

Enyedi, Zsolt and Fernando Casal Bértoa (2020) “Party Systems: Types, Dimensions and Explanations”. In Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Politics. Oxford University Press

Rama, José and Fernando Casal Bértoa (2020) “Are Anti-Political-Establishment Parties a Peril for European Democracy? A Longitudinal Study from 1950 till 2017”, Representation, v. 56, n. 3, pp. 387-410 [Supplementary material]

Casal Bértoa, Fernando and Till Weber (2019) “Restrained Change: Party Systems in Times of Economic Crises”, Journal of Politics, v. 81, n. 1, pp. 233-245

Casal Bértoa, Fernando and Maria Spirova (2019) “Parties between Thresholds: State Subsidies and Party Behavior in Post-communist Democracies”, Party Politics, v. 25, n. 3, pp. 233-244

Casal Bértoa, Fernando (2019) “The Calm Before the Storm. Explaining the Institutionalization of Southern European Party Systems before the Great Recession”, European Politics and Society, v. 20, n. 9, pp. 567-590

Enyedi, Zsolt and Fernando Casal Bértoa (2018) “Institutionalization and De-institutionalization in Post-communist Party Systems”, East European Politics and Societies, v. 32, n. 3, pp. 422-450

Casal Bértoa, Fernando (2018) “The Three Waves of Party System Institutionalization Studies: A Multi- or Uni-dimensional Concept?”, Political Studies Review, v. 16, n. 1, pp. 60-72

Casal Bértoa, Fernando and José Rama (2018) “¿Democracia en Crisis? El Futuro de los Partidos Políticos y de la Democracia Representativa”, Revista de las Cortes Generales, v. 100-102, pp. 201-226

Casal Bértoa, Fernando (2017) “It’s Been Mostly About Money! A Multi-method Research Approach to the Sources of Institutionalization”, Sociological Methods and Research, v. 46, n. 4, pp. 683-714 [Appendix] (Awarded the 2017 AECPA Prize for the Best Article)

Casal Bértoa, Fernando, Kevin Deegan-Krause and Tim Haughton (2017) “The Volatility of Volatility: Measuring Change in Party Vote Shares”, Electoral Studies, v. 50, pp. 142-156

Bourne, Angela and Fernando Casal Bértoa (2017) “Mapping ‘Militant Democracy’: Variation in Party Ban Practices in European Democracies (1945-2015)”, European Constitutional Law Review, v. 13, n. 2, pp. 221-247

Casal Bértoa, Fernando (2017) “Political Parties or Party Systems? Assessing the ‘Myth’ of Institutionalization and Democracy”, West European Politics, v. 40, n. 2, pp. 402-429 [Partially translated into Spanish] (Awarded the 2017 Gordon Smith and Vincent Wright Memorial Prize)

Casal Bértoa, Fernando and Angela Bourne (2017) “Prescribing Democracy? Party Proscription and Party System Stability in Germany, Spain and Turkey”, European Journal of Political Research, v. 56, n. 2, pp. 440-465 [Appendix]

Casal Bértoa, Fernando (2017) “Separation, Divorce or Harakiri? The ‘Crisis’ of Asian Democracies in Comparative Perspective”, Journal of Northeast Asian History, v. 14, n. 2, pp. 63-94

Casal Bértoa, Fernando and Zsolt Enyedi (2016) ​“Party System Closure and Openness: Conceptualization, Operationalization and Validation”, Party Politics, v. 22, n. 3, pp. 265-277

Casal Bértoa, Fernando and Dane Taleski (2016) “Regulating Party Politics in the Western Balkans: The Legal Sources of Party System Development in Macedonia”, Democratization, v. 23, n. 3, pp. 545-567

Rodríguez Teruel, Juan and Fernando Casal Bértoa (2016)​ “La Financiación Pública de los Partidos Políticos: España en Perspectiva Comparada” [Public Party Funding: Spain in Comparative Perspective], Presupuesto y Gasto Público, v. 82, n. 1, pp. 159-178

Casal Bértoa, Fernando (2016)​ “Party Funding Regulation in Poland (1990-2015): An Appraisal”, Politologia, v. 1, n. 1, pp. 47-89

Casal Bértoa, Fernando (2014) “Party Systems and Cleavage Structures Revisited: A Sociological Explanation of Party System Institutionalization in East Central Europe”, Party Politics, v. 20, n. 1, pp. 16-36

Casal Bértoa, Fernando and Ingrid van Biezen (2014) “Party Regulation and Party Politics in Post-communist Europe”, East European Politics, v. 30, n. 3, pp. 295-314

Casal Bértoa, Fernando and Marcin Walecki (2014) “Regulating Polish Politics: ‘Cartel’ Parties in a Non-Collusive Party System”, East European Politics, v. 30, n. 3, pp. 330-350

Casal Bértoa, Fernando, Kevin Deegan-Krause and Peter Učen (2014) “Limits of Regulation: Party Law and Finance in Slovakia (1990-2012)”, East European Politics, v. 30, n. 3, pp. 351-371

Casal Bértoa, Fernando, Fransje Molenaar, Daniela R. Piccio and Ekaterina R. Rashkova (2014) “The World Upside Down: De-legitimising Political Finance Regulation”, International Political Science Review, v. 35, n. 3, pp. 355-375

Biezen, Ingrid van and Fernando Casal Bértoa (2014) “Party Regulation in Post-authoritarian Contexts: Southern Europe in Comparative Perspective”, South European Society and Politics, v. 19, n. 1, pp. 71-87

Casal Bértoa, Fernando, Juan Rodríguez Teruel, Oscar Barberà and Astrid Barrio (2014)​“The Carrot and the Stick: Party Regulation and Politics in Democratic Spain”, South European Society and Politics, v. 19, n. 1, pp. 89-112

Casal Bértoa, Fernando (2013) “Post-communist Politics: on the Divergence (and/or Convergence) of East and West”, Government and Opposition, v. 48, n. 3, pp. 398-433

Casal Bértoa, Fernando (2012) “Parties, Regime and Cleavages: Explaining Party System Institutionalization in East Central Europe”, East European Politics, v. 28, n. 4, pp. 452-472


Edited volumes

Katarzyna Grzybowska-Walecka, Simona Guerra and Fernando Casal Bértoa (under contract) The Oxford Handbook of Polish Politics. Oxford: Oxford University Press

Fernando Casal Bértoa and Levan Tsutskiridze (2024) Money Rules: Parties, Oligarchs and Funding Regulation in Post-Soviet Countries. Abingdon/New York: Routledge

Fernando Casal Bértoa and Patrick Dumont (2022) Party Politics in European Micro-states. Abingdon/New York: Routledge

Fernando Casal Bértoa and Ingrid van Biezen (2018) The Regulation of Post-communist Party Politics. Abingdon/New York: Routledge

Ferdinand Müller-Rommel and Fernando Casal Bértoa (2016) Party Politics and Democracy in Europe: Essays in Honour of Peter Mair. Abingdon/New York: Routledge

Fernando Casal Bértoa and Gerardo Scherlis (2015) Partidos, Sistemas de Partidos y Democracia. La Obra Esencial de Peter Mair [Parties, Party Systems and Democracy. Peter Mair’s Essential Works]. Buenos Aires: EUDEBA

Biezen, Ingrid van and Fernando Casal Bértoa (2014) The Regulation of Party Politics in Southern Europe, South European Society and Politics, v. 19, n. 1, pp. 71-152

Casal Bértoa, Fernando and Ingrid van Biezen (2014) Party Regulation and Party Politics in Post-communist Europe, East European Politics, v. 30, n. 3, pp. 295-427


Chapters in edited volumes

Lee, Don S. and Fernando Casal Bértoa (2024) “Parties and Party Systems”, in Yuko Kasuya and Netina Tan (eds.) The Routledge Handbook of Autocratization in Southeast Asia. Abingdon/New York: Routledge

Lipcean, Sergiu and Fernando Casal Bértoa (2024) “Political Financing and Political Corruption”, in Luis de Sousa and Susana Coroado (eds.) Encyclopaedia of Corruption and Society. Edward Elgar Publishing Limited

Rodríguez Teruel, Juan and Fernando Casal Bértoa (2023) “Polarization”, in Maria Grasso and Marco Giugni (eds.) Encyclopaedia of Political Sociology. Edward Elgar Publishing Limited

Enyedi, Zsolt and Fernando Casal Bértoa (2023) “Party Systems and Party System Change”, in Neil Carter, Dan Keith, Gyda Sindre and Sofia Vasilopoulou (eds.) The Routledge Handbook of Political Parties. Abingdon/New York: Routledge

Biezen, Ingrid van and Fernando Casal Bértoa (2022) “Plus Ça Change? Party Regulation in Portugal (1974-2020)”, in Pedro Magalhães, António Costa Pinto and Jorge Fernandes (eds.) The Oxford Handbook of Portuguese Politics. Oxford: Oxford University Press

Barberà, Oscar, Juan Rodríguez Teruel and Fernando Casal Bértoa (2022) “Political Parties”, in Laura Chaqués-Bonafont and Jacint Jordana (eds.) Policy Analysis in Spain. Bristol: The Policy Press

Rodríguez Teruel, Juan, Oscar Barberà, Astrid Barrio and Fernando Casal Bértoa (2018) “From Stability to Change? The Evolution of the Party System in Spain”, in Marco Lisi (ed.), Party System Change, the European Crisis and the State of Democracy, Abingdon/New York: Routledge

Rodríguez Teruel, Juan and Fernando Casal Bértoa (2018) “Cuarenta Años de Financiación de Partidos Políticos en España” [Forty Years of Political Party Funding in Spain], en Benigno Pendás (ed.) Cuarenta Años de Constitución (1978-2018). Balance, Perspectivas [Forty Years of Constitution (1978-2018). Balance, Perspectives]. Madrid: Centro de Estudios Politicos y Constitucionales

Casal Bértoa, Fernando and Simona Guerra (2018) “Earthquake or Hurricane? The Rise and Fall of Populist Parties in Poland”, in Steven Wolinetz and Andrej Zaslove (eds.) Absorbing the Blow. Populist Parties and Their Impact on Parties and Party Systems, London/New York: Rowman and Littlefield [Partially translated into Spanish]

Casal Bértoa, Fernando (2016) “Party System Institutionalization: A Travelling Concept”, in Ferdinand Müller-Rommel and Fernando Casal Bértoa (eds.), Party Politics and Democracy in Europe: Essays in Honour of Peter Mair. Abingdon/New York: Routledge

Casal Bértoa, Fernando, Daniela R. Piccio and Ekaterina R. Rashkova (2014) “Party Laws in Comparative Perspective: Evidence and Implications”, in Ingrid van Biezen and Hans-Martien ten Napel (eds.) Regulating Political Parties: European Democracies in Comparative Perspective. Leiden: Leiden University Press

Casal Bértoa, Fernando and Peter Mair (2012) “Party System Institutionalization across Time in Post-Communist Europe”, in Ferdinand Müller-Rommel and Hans Keman (eds.) Party Government in the New Europe. London: Routledge [Translated into Polish and Spanish]

Enyedi, Zsolt and Fernando Casal Bértoa (2011) “Patterns of Inter-Party Competition (1990-2009)”, in Paul G. Lewis and Radosław Markowski (eds.) Europeanizing Party Politics? Comparative Perspectives on Central and Eastern Europe. Manchester: Manchester University Press [Translated into Hungarian]

Gherghina, Sergiu, Michail Chiru and Fernando Casal Bértoa (2011) “Resursele statului și bani de buzunar: Finanțarea partidelor politice românești în perioada postcomunistă” [State Resources and Pocket Money: Funding of Romanian Political Parties during Post-communism], in Sergiu Gherghina (ed.) Voturi și politici: dinamica partidelor românești în ultimele două decenii [Votes and Policies; The Dynamic of the Romanian Political Parties in the most Recent Two Decades]. Iasi: Editura Institutul European


Book reviews

Casal Bértoa, Fernando (forthcoming) “Democracy Erodes from the Top”, Journal of Common and Market Studies

Casal Bértoa, Fernando (2024) “Partidos y Sistemas de Partidos en América Latina”, Revista Latinoamericana de Opinión Pública, v. 13, e31965

Casal Bértoa, Fernando and Zsolt Enyedi (2022) “Response to Mihail Chiru’s Review of Party System Closure: Party Alliances, Government Alternatives and Democracy in Europe”, Annals of the University of Bucharest. Political Science, v. 24, n. 1, pp. 109-117

Casal Bértoa, Fernando (2017) “Gobernando el Vacío: la Banalización de la Democracia Occidental”, Revista Española de Ciencia Política, v. 44, pp. 303-306

Casal Bértoa, Fernando (2016) “New Parties in Old Party Systems”, Perspectives on Politics, v. 14, n. 4, pp. 1234-1236

Casal Bértoa, Fernando (2012) “The Politics of Party Funding”, Acta Politica, v. 47, n. 4, pp. 478-480