The database of WHO governs in Europe and beyond
18 12, 2023

Elections in Serbia 2023 – All quiet on the Serbian Front

2023-12-18T19:48:48+00:00December 18th, 2023|

By Ilija Gavrilović (University of Belgrade) Yesterday, parliamentary and local elections were held in Serbia, the third in the previous three years in Serbia. Turnout in this election (59%) was slightly higher than the previous ones, although the turnout trend during the day indicated that it could be much higher than usual. This seems to [...]

28 11, 2023

Populist Radical Right Wins Dutch Elections, But Can They Form a Government?

2023-12-16T18:12:28+00:00November 28th, 2023|

By Simon Otjes (Leiden University) and Léonie de Jonge (University of Groningen) On November 22, the Netherlands elected a new Parliament. The elections saw a major change in the Dutch political landscape. In terms of seats change, the election was the most volatile election since the introduction of the proportional electoral system: 54 seats changed [...]

12 11, 2023

The 2023 Montenegrin Parliamentary Election: Expected Outcome, Worrying Trends

2023-12-18T19:18:44+00:00November 12th, 2023|

By Slaven Zivković (DeFacto) In the 2023 Montenegrin parliamentary elections, held on June 11th following the dissolution of the previous parliament, the Europe Now Movement (PES) emerged as the dominant political entity, securing a significant share of the seats (see Table 1). After extensive coalition negotiations, the PES formed a new government, with Milojko Spajić [...]

3 11, 2023

The 2023 Swiss Federal Elections: Last Time’s Winners Lose and Losers Win

2023-11-03T19:43:41+00:00November 3rd, 2023|

By Lukas Lauener (Swiss Centre of Expertise in the Social Sciences/University of Lausanne) On 22 October, almost 5.6 million voters were called to elect the new Swiss Parliament for its 52nd legislative period. 46.6 percent of eligible voters participated in the elections, which is a small increase of 1.5 percentage points compared to 2019. It [...]

16 10, 2023

The 2023 Polish Parliamentary Election: Change is Coming

2023-10-16T21:33:05+01:00October 16th, 2023|

By Kamil Marcinkiewicz (formerly University of Hamburg) In the parliamentary election on October 15th, 2023, Poles voted for 460 members of the lower house of parliament, the Sejm, and 100 members of the upper house, the Senate. The authoritarian Law and Justice (PiS) is expected to win according to the late polls roughly 36% of [...]

1 10, 2023

The 2023 Slovak Parliamentary Elections: Fico’s Return to Power is Likely but the New Government May Not Last Long

2023-10-02T16:38:30+01:00October 1st, 2023|

By Marek Rybář (Masaryk University) Robert Fico, the leader of Smer-Slovak Social Democracy (Smer), has made a resurgence. Following the electoral setback in 2020, the popularity of his party plummeted to some 8 percent. His erstwhile protégé, Peter Pellegrini, who assumed the role of Prime Minister in the Smer-led coalition government in 2018 after Fico [...]

17 08, 2023

In polarised Spain, populists win even when they lose the elections

2023-08-18T03:30:56+01:00August 17th, 2023|

By José Javier Olivas Osuna (UNED) Thanks to the high degree of political polarisation, Spain finds itself in a paradoxical situation. Although the electoral results were bad for most populist parties, they have all increased their capacity to influence governance after the last General Elections on 23 July 2023. Far right Vox lost 19 seats [...]

17 07, 2023

Greece’s 2023 Elections: The Need for Safety?

2023-07-17T14:13:13+01:00July 17th, 2023|

By Iakovos Makropoulos (University of Essex) The results of the May and June 2023 Greek Parliamentary Elections confirmed the dominance of the Conservative Party in Greece, New Democracy, whereas showed the weakness of the radical left and the main opposition, SYRIZA, to re-gain power (Figure 1). A recent major review of the Greek electoral system [...]

9 06, 2023

Rotating cabinets: a new political fashion

2023-06-09T07:14:39+01:00June 9th, 2023|

By Teodora Yovcheva (University of Sofia) Two months after the elections on 2 April following a cycle of early parliamentary elections, Bulgaria has its first government with rotation of the prime ministers. The government was a result of the tough negotiations between antagonists – GERB-SDS (Citizens for European Development of Bulgaria – Union of Democratic [...]

31 05, 2023

Another landslide for Erdoğan and resilience of competitive authoritarianism: the runoff presidential elections in Turkey

2023-05-31T19:19:22+01:00May 31st, 2023|

By Hakan Yavuzyılmaz (Başkent University) On May 28th Turkish voters once again headed to polls to cast their votes for runoff presidential elections. The results of the first round and results of the legislative elections significantly demoralized the opposition camp. Contrary to the expectations, People’s Alliance’s candidate Recep Tayyip Erdoğan received 49.5% of the votes [...]