Effective Number of Parties

Measuring how many parties, weighted according to size, are in a party system in a given election, the effective number of (electoral/parliamentary) parties is calculated employing the following formulae: ENEP=1/Σvi² and ENPP=1/Σsi² (respectively), where vi/si is the proportion of votes/seats of the ith party (see Laakso and Taagepera, 1979; Casal Bértoa, 2013: 401-402). For more details on how to calculate (electoral/parliamentary) fragmentation, see video.


DOWNLOAD DATA – Parliamentary

Please cite the following database as: Casal Bértoa, F. (): Database on WHO GOVERNS in Europe and beyond, PSGo. Available at: whogoverns.eu